If you are going to sow seeds outdoors, either
in a seedbed or in an annual border, the soil
needs to be broken down into a fine tilth. This
is done at the time of sowing and is only effective
on ground which has been previously dug. Choose
a fine day, preferably with a drying wind.
Fork over the soil, levelling as you go, and let
the surface start to dry. Tread evenly all over
the surface to break down any lumps and firm the
soil without compacting it.
Rake over the ground backwards and forwards until
the top inch of soil is fine and clear of any
large stones. Repeat until you are satisfied with
the result, each time raking in the opposite direction.
REMOVING THE WEEDS.
Beds that have been cultivated and left for any
length of time will soon become covered with weeds.
Clear them with a Dutch hoe. Disturbing the surface
of the soil will uproot young weeds and, once
exposed to the sun or wind, they will quickly
die. If possible, hoe the beds weekly, whether
they are empty or planted.
Some perennial weeds may be so deep-rooted that
hoeing has little effect – bindweed, horsetail
and couch grass are examples. Your best answer
is to brush the leaves or dip the stems in glyphosate
– take care not to get it on any cultivated
See also: Garden
Tools for rakes and hoes online