Hardy and half-hardy perennials, usually grown
in Britain as annuals.
The leaves are of a soft texture, oblong, two
or three inches in length, and notched; the flowers
are borne on nine- to twelve-inch stems and form
a broad corymb, two to three inches long, of white,
yellow, pink or red colouring.
Verbena hybrida is believed to be a multiple hybrid
and closely related to the Chilian species Verbena
teucrioides, which possibly has been used to produce
the forms of garden origin.
Verbena canadensis is the Clump Verbena with branching
stems to one and a half feet, with there are improved
forms of garden origin.
A useful sown under glass in March, and the seedlings
pricked is also planted out-of-doors in May, or
It is also planted out-of-doors in May, or early
It is also practicable to sow out-of-doors in
May for flowering in late summer.
Propagation is from seed.
The flowering season is from July to September.
Half Hardy Annual.
Six inches to a foot.
Flowers of several colours, July to October.
A very bright and manageable bedding-plant, at
present somewhat out of favour.
It will flourish
in any tolerable soil, if it be but sweet and
The flowers are in compact flattish
heads, scarlet, pink, carmine, rose, violet and
mauve, either selfs or with an eye of pure white.
The plants should be planted in the beds not upright,
but sloping, and the shoots pegged down to the
ground with small wire or wooden hooked pins;
they will spread rapidly, and with a little more
pegging will cover the bed with a close mass of
foliage, thickly set with flowers.
hot weather, provided that they are not dry at
the roots; in a dripping summer they unfortunately
often refuse to open their buds, and a whole bed
may be almost flowerless.
Verbenas may be propagated by cuttings made towards
the end of the summer, and kept secure from frost
under glass, or they may be raised yearly, from
seed sown in boxes early in March, in a hot-bed,
or house averaging 60°.
The soil should be
rich and sandy, and watered circumspectly; the
seedlings must be pricked out under glass as soon
as they can be handled, hardened and finally put
out in May.
By sowing separate varieties, any
colour can be had with tolerable certainty; but
for ordinary bedding purposes a good mixture is
There is a very charming rose-pink
flower of comparatively recent introduction “Miss
Willmott”, which is worth of a place wherever
Verbenas are grown.
It is possible, where the soil is light and warm,
to raise seedlings in the open ground.
in shallow drills easrly in April, on a piece
of well-worked soil, with a nice tilth; a little
potting-soil mixed in the top stratum will be
The plants may be thinned out when they
are a couple of inches high; those taken out may
be transplanted and the rest left to flower in
the seed bed.
Verbena venosa is a hardy perennial kind, with
beautiful purple flowers.
It may be raised from
seed in the same way as the annual kinds.