An invaluable genus of bulbous plants, native
to Europe, North Africa and many parts of Asia.
Tulipa gesneriana, South Russia and Asia Minor, grows
one to two feet, with black-purpled centred scarlet,
white or yellow flowers, and is a parent of the
florist’s Tulips classed as Breeders of
Selfs, Feathered, Flamed, Bizarres, Byblomens,
and Roses, and the garden varieties Darwins, Rembrandts,
Cottage and Parrot, in the almost infinite range
of colours and shapes the many varieties now present.
Tulipa suaveolens, a fragrant, scarlet and orange,
six-inch Tulip from the Crimea, is parent to some
of the early flowering varieties.
What are generally termed the Species Tulips are
the wild Tulips from abroad.
Tulipa kaufmanniana, the Water Lily Tulip from
Central Asia, twelve inches, with creamy-white
flowers, striped rose on the back, has several
Plant in November in well-drained sandy loam,
with bone meal, in full sun.
Propagate by offsets or form seed.
The flowering season is from March to May.
Six inches to three feet.
Flowers of many colours, March to May.
The Tulips are hardy which, unlike the Hyacinth,
will flower and increase in our climate year after
In all soils but wet and heavy clays the roots
may remain in the ground several years; but it
is best to lift them every third or fourth, and
in unkindly soils, or in places where the Tulip
disease is prevalent, they should be taken up
This should be done as soon as the leaves are
yellow and withered; dry the leaves and roots
together in the sun; then remove the leaves, root-fibres
and earth, and store the clean, dry bulbs (secure
from mice) in a cool, dry place till next planting
The bulbs should be planted in October or November,
from three to four inches deep, and the same distance
Ordinary garden soil is all that is required.
Tulips may be arranged in groups or clumps in
borders; and where bedding is done, they should
make the lawns gay until it is time to prepare
for the summer display.
They may be planted under trees (not evergreens)
as the flowers will be over before the shade from
the foliage becomes injurious. In planting beds
or groups, be careful that the sorts flower simultaneously,
or the effect may be lost by a scattering display
of early and late varieties.
The earliest Tulips are the Van Thols, a race
of single flowers, from six inches to a foot high;
there are pink, yellow, purplish and white forms,
but the best and most usually grown is the kind
which gives its name to the rest, a pure vivid
scarlet, with a yellow flake in the bottom of
This should be planted in masses wherever there
is any attempt at spring bedding.
It flowers from the end of March to the end of
April, according to the season.
The next earliest section comprises a great number
of singles and doubles, a foot to eighteen inches
high, in many shades and mixtures of colours.
Beds may be planted with a single colour, with
two colours, in fine harmony or contrast, or with
a medley of all colours, which, if simultaneous
in flowering, is very bright and effective.
The following are some of the best sorts:
Artus: Deep purple.
Canary Bird: Clear yellow.
Chrysolora: Clear yellow.
Cottage Maid: White and pink.
Duchesse de Parma: Extremely fine, bronze and
Joost van Vondel: Rose, white stripes.
Keizer Kroon: Scarlet, yellow edge.
Pottebakker (striped): White with scarlet lines.
Proserpine: Deep rose.
Rose luisante: Pink, white edge.
Thomas Moore: Yellowish orange, very free.
Blanche hative: Early white.
Imperator Rubrorum: Scarlet.
Le Blason: Rose.
Salvator Rosa: Pink.
Tournesol: Yellow and scarlet.
Duke of York: Carmine, white edge.
La Candeur: Pure white.
Mariage de ma Fille: Crimson and white.
Titian: Crimson and yellow.
Yellow Rose: Deep yellow, late, scented.
For ordinary bedding, a good mixture of all sorts
With these flower the Parrot Tulips; they have
very large flowers whose petals are fringed and
twisted into fantastic shapes; their colours are
chiefly red and yellow. They are not as accommodating
as the ordinary tulips, and too often “go
blind” or refuse to flower.
Next in order comes a class of flowers generally
called “various”. From it may be selected
Bouton d’Or: a small deep yellow cup, on
stout stalks two feet high; excellent.
Gesneriana major: a magnificent crimson-scarlet
flower, very large, with blue-black cross at the
base of the petals; about three feet; indispensable.
Picotee, or Maiden’s Blush. Very pretty,
half-recurved flower, white with narrow pink border;
eighteen inches. The flowers remain perfect for
as much as three weeks.
Retroflexa: yellow, recurved petals.
Golden Eagle: resembles Gesneriana, but of a strong
The latest of all the Tulips are the Florist,
Mat-flowering, or Old English kinds.
incurved cup-shaped blooms, on tall stout stems,
three or even four feet high.
Their colours are
chiefly in stripes and featherings, crimson, pink,
purple or dark maroon, on white, cream or yellow
They should be planted in clumps of six
to several dozens, six inches apart; in good light
soil they may be left alone for three or four
The breed called Darwin Tulips are also May-flowering;
they are tall growers, and show many shades of
crimson, rose, lilac, claret and deep purple.