A race of perennials and annuals native to southern
Europe, northern Africa and North America.
Dianthus caryophyllus is the Carnation, Clove-Pink,
Picotee and Grenadine. The foliage varies in thickness
and sometimes is as fine as coarse grass, glaucous
green in colour.
The flower-stems vary from a
foot high in the case of Pinks to three feet for
The fragrant flowers are borne on
the terminals of the stems in small quantities.
Carnations are usually grown under glass, except
Border Carnations, which may be grown out-of-doors,
but these are hardly suitable for herbaceous borders.
The Pinks comprise such groups as the allwoodii,
herbertii and winteri. Varieties of the laced
type, also “Mrs Sinkins” and “Inchmery”,
are old favourites.
Dianthus sinensis is the Indian or Chinese pink with
a wide range of colour.
Dianthus barbatus is the popular Sweet William which
flowers in clustered heads.
Propagation is by cuttings, layering and seed.
The flowering season extends throughout the summer.
The family name of several order, such as the
Carnation and Pink, the
Indian Pink, and the Sweet William (Dianthus
barbatus), which see under their proper headings.
The sorts treated of here are the Dianthus
Heddewigii or Japan Pink, and the small-flowered
and their relatives.
See also Dianthus
Alpine and Indian